a. Forward Integration To Aviation Fuel
We intend building Jet A1 tank farms at major airports around Nigeria and have been admitted as member of the new Joint Users Hydrant Installation phase 2 (JUHI 2) at the Country's foremost gateway - the Murtala Mohammed International Airport in Lagos. We have epoxy coated a 7200m3 tank at the Lagos depot. Once we have concluded it's conversion to Jet A1, it will serve as a feeder to our anticipated depot at the airport. About 18,000 cubic meters of tank space is being prepared in the Calabar tank farm for Jet A1.
facilities are completed and certified, land acquisition arrangements at
various inland airports will be commence. With time, locally grown Jatropha
based Jet Fuel will substitute or be combined with the conventional fossil
based fuel. Net aviation carbon emissions will be reduced due to
photosynthesis from the proposed Jatropha fields highlighted below.
b. Pipeline Promoters & Operators
Currently, mother ocean going import tankers anchor offshore Lagos and transship to lighter tankers which then berth at the various Lagos shallow jetties that feed tank farms. This process is inefficient and most often than not demurrage is incurred.
We intend developing 4 Single Point Moors (SPM) just out bar Lagos in the Atlantic. These will be connected to a sub sea line which will link to the the major tank farms in Lagos. Mother vessels will moor at any of these SPMs and discharge their cargo directly into any tank farm within the Lagos vicinity the importer nominates. This will hopefully eliminate demurrage and number of vessels idling offshore and hence reduce carbon emissions. This effort should be eligible for the carbon credits once implemented. We have obtained a permit to carry out the survey by the Nigerian Ports Authority.
Two trunk lines will cross under the existing Pipelines and Products Marketing Cooperation (PPMC) national grid. Once the latter is repaired the importer will now be able to nominate almost any depot in the country. Bridging by Bulk Road Vehicles will be minimized if not eliminated. This will not only further reduce CO2 emissions but will reduce the wear and tear of the major intra and inter city roads, traffic, fatal accidents etc.
In the Eastern part of the country we have acquired another 1 hectare of land close to the new depot within the CFTZ to develop an LPG storage facility. once in place a ' practice ' refinery of perhaps 20,000 bpd will be built within or just outside the CFTZ. When this refinery begins to approach breakeven we will expand it.
The power and heating facilities for this refinery will be fuelled with natural gas tapped from the trunk line being run by gaslink from Akwa Ibom.
We intend setting up a new refinery adjacent to the anticipated pipeline
that can refine at least 500,000 barrels of crude oil per day into various
petroleum and petrochemical products. In 2007, Nigeria imported 12 million
metric tons of PMS alone. Assuming on average port to port freight costs
$40/MT, Nigeria spent about $1 billion on freight and associated costs such
as demurrage etc. on importation of all products for that year. Any refinery
which is able to meet Nigeria’s demand will enjoy this as extraordinary
profit over and above their refining margin. Products' import mother tankers will
cease to operate thereby taking out a whole lot of
carbon emissions which would have normally been pumped into the atmosphere
d. Desert Encroachment
Currently the Sahara desert is encroaching into Northern Nigeria rapidly. There has been a lot of concern about global warming due to deforestation and unchecked carbon emissions from fossil fuels. We identified ourselves as being one of the major contributors of the said phenomenon. As an environmentally responsible organization, we decided to see how we could leverage on our current areas of expertise to alleviate rather than exacerbate the problem.
We looked at biofuels and felt that the jatropha plant would be sustainable. This is a plant that is prolific in Africa. It is traditionally used as a biological barrier to keep cattle from consuming crops. It grows in semi arid regions and is a nitrogen fixer. It’s seeds once pressed produce a biodiesel/kerosine. Our Executive Director of Operations has been to Yobe state, one of the states bordering the Sahara & to India for preliminary surveys. We intend to set up pilot farms in various local government areas in order to better project what will be anticipated on a mass scale. We hope to commence the pilot runs by the third quarter of this year.
If the preliminaries are successful we anticipate covering the northern infertile regions of Nigeria with a mix of this plus other hardy oil producing plants making provision for future inter planting with cash crops once the soil has been “re fertilized”. This will have the following impacts:
1) Massive job creation in the northern part of the country thereby alleviating poverty.
2) The increase in plant transpiration will lead to more cloud formation and rain fall. This will cause water levels in rivers
and dams to rise renewing the hydroelectric generation potential. Drought will also be reduced if not eliminated.
3) Soil stabilization will lead to less harmattan formation, cleaner air and a healthier population (not just in West Africa
but also in the Caribbean).
4) Africa will be able to “grow food in the Sahara” hence generating huge food security.
5) Industrial estates geared toward processing the raw produce generated from the (inter) crops to ensure minimum
harvest & in transit waste from farm to market. These estates will be powered by hydroelectricity but backed by
bi-fuel, bio-diesel and natural gas driven generators.
6) Apart from cash crops, natural grass can be allowed to grow to generate game parks. Animals can be transported in
from other parts of Africa. Hotels, water parks, shopping malls and airports can be developed or upgraded to facilitate
tourism. The airports will also be used to freight goods in and out of the region.
e. Service Station Expansion
We plan to acquire more mega service stations adjacent wherever possible to natural gas pipelines all over the country in order to create more outlets for petroleum products once we obtained the approval to handle PMS from the Lagos and the Calabar depots. They will be open 24 hours 7 days a week. In addition to the usual products currently being sold, CNG (compressed natural gas) and bio-diesel/kerosene will also be on offer. The stations will be located adjacent to “traffic builders” such as industrial and housing estates mentioned in 'D' above . The products will eventually be supplied from the anticipated refineries as well as bio-diesel from the anticipated jatropha fields in the north.
f. Commencement Of Recovery Of
Fresh Water Canals Within Lagos Waters
We intend setting up a HOVER CRAFT Service from Murtala Mohammed international Airport along Oke Afa to Five Cowry Creek stopping at various water front hotels. The Oke Afa to Festac stretch has been heavily polluted with raw sewage being pumped in from houses and housing estates adjacent.
A PPP will ensue to ensure that all sewage be properly treated. The Methane may be collected and either sold to NGC or be channeled to nearby IPPS. The residue may be collected, dried and sold as organic manure.